Cambridge, Corpus Christi College 367 Late historical texts; OE Homilies, OE ''Vision of Leofric," etc.

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Elaine M. Treharne


54. Cambridge, Corpus Christi College 367

Late historical texts; OE Homilies, OE ''Vision of Leofric," etc.

[Ker 62, 63, 64; Gneuss 100]

HISTORY: Manuscript of mid-11c to 15c is a composite volume containing two distinct parts made up of five original manuscripts or portions thereof. The OE texts form three items in Ker (Cat.); in James (1912: 2.199) the two main Latin texts are designated as A, and the OE as B. The provenance of the manuscript may be Worcester: certain parts of it, item 8 below in particular,
probably originated there.
The manuscript contains: Part A, on paper: (1) a 15c chronicle that is an extract from the "Polychronicon" (on paper, ff 1-29); (2) a 15c short history of England up to 1402 (on paper, ff 30-53); Part B, on parchment: (3) part of Ælfric's translation of Bede's "De temporibus" (from f. 54) dated 1160 x 1190 (Ker 62); (4) a disordered set of homiletic fragments (the original manuscript probably followed the sequence of the church year) dated to the mid-12c, most of which are by Ælfric (Ker 63); (5) the Latin text, "Logica quaedam", plus (6) a Latin verse in quatrains, "Versus quidam," plus CT) part of a Latin life of St: Kenelm (ca. mid 11c-12c), plus items added in blank space at the end of the quire: (8a) a book-list (mid-1lc),(8b) the OE ''Vision of Leofric" (1080 x 1100), a letter from the abbot of Westminster to the prior of Worcester datable to ca. 1130, a charm, and an imperfect Latin text concerning monastic constitutions (12c) (Ker 64).
Marginalia in Latin on parchment ff 1-2, 7-10 ("De temporibus") are of 14c and refer to the text. Document (53 Henry III) in outer margin of Part B, f. 3r reading, 'Omnibus ... Watt. de La Fort(?) ...Noueritis me dedisse ...Philip. filio meo quatuor croppos camp de Henton v.v. H. Liii ...Test. Joh. Jokyn. Le Fraunke | Joh. Wace ... | Wace ... | Le Fraunke' Qames 1912: 2.201).Notes also in margins of f. 28r.At f.28r, in the top and left margins, the beginning of a document has been practiced: 'Sciant p<re>sentes et future quod ego' (14c). At f. 50v/17, a 13c note reads 'Vesp<er>us <est> grandis interpolatio nubium inter nos et solem'.
This manuscript is part of a collection of fragments bound together for Archbishop Parker. It was kept 'inter libror. impressos' in 1575. The mark '19-9' is on f. i of Part 1. Nothing is known of the individual elements that make up this composite codex, save that the letter on f. 52r provides a provenance of Worcester for at least that quire. Importantly, it seems that by the 14c, when the annotator whose hand is apparent at ff. 1, 2, 7-10, and 28r was working, Quires I and II-VII were probably kept together (i.e., "De temporibus" and the OE homilies). Rebound in tan goatskin in 1946.

CODICOLOGICAL DESCRIPTION: Ff. iv+ 53 + 52+ ii leaves. Foliation in ink throughout: one set of foliation, paper 1-53; first two leaves of vellum initially foliated 54, 55, then refoliated as 1 onwards. Flyleaf iii verso has ink '367' in top right comer and a Corpus Christi College ex libris plate; iv verso has an ink '36' in top left comer.
[Note: The paper and parchment sections of CCCC 367 are separately quired in this description.]
Dimensions of leaves and written space as follows: Paper: Items 1 and 2 (15c) measure ca. 215 x 138 mm.; written space 165 x 115 mm. Single column with pencil ruling. Parchment Items 3-5: Quire I measures ca. 214 x 142 mm.; written space ca. 170 x 103 mm. 30-38 long lines; ruling in pencil. Single bounding lines. Pricks in both margins to guide ruling. Quires II-VII measure ca. 214 x 142 mm.; written space ca. 176 x 105 mm. 26-30 long lines (27 lines on ff. 17, 29). Single bounding lines in Quires II, III (except ff. 3, 4, 5, 6 which have double bounding lines). Ruling probably in dry point. Quire VIII ca. 214 x 140 mm.; written space ca. 170 x 108 mm. Annotations and corrections in the margins, some of which have been excised by trimming. 43 longlines. Quire IX measures ca. 214 x 134 mm.; written space 193 x 120 mm. in two pencil-ruled columns of 32 lines, the quatrains linked by wavy brackets on f. 42 (ff. 42-44). Quire X measures 213 x 138 mm.; written space is 178 x 113 mm. Single column of 22 lines until f. 48r/12, when text is squeezed into lower and right margins. Dry point ruling (virtually incising the parchment). Quire XI has a variety of informal copies of texts and pen-trials.
Pages i-ii and two at the end are paper flyleaves of date of binding (1946). Ff. 1-53 are paper of 15c. Remainder of manuscript is vellum, arranged HFHF. The condition of the first, paper part of the codex is good. The condition of the parchment quires is less so. Evidently, poor quality parchment was used, certainly for ff. 3-6, 11-29. There is a hole at f. 16/13-14 around which text is written, and holes appear at the bottom off. 4. There are (?)water stains at ff 5v, 10r, 18, 20, 26. Repairs have been done at ff. 17, 23, 24. In the case of Quire I (ff. 1, 2, 7-10), it appears that scraps of parchment were employed for the copying of "De temporibus": 39 lines of writing are squeezed into the space on f. 2v, and space is at a premium on the misshapen leaves (f. 7 is irregular) in this quire. F. 51r is damaged also, with a number of holes, one measuring 30 x 25 mm.
Paper: Item 1 is written by one scribe of the 15c in an informal, splayed Secretary hand; Item 2 is written by one scribe of the 15c in an informal Anglicana hand.

Parchment: Item 3 ("De temporibus") is written in a hand of 1160 x 1180 that includes Insular f, g, and r and which is probably by the same scribe as the main hand of Cambridge, University Llbrary, Ii. 1. 33 [98] (Trehame 1998: 239-44). Item 4 (homilies) is written by one hand of mid-12c which includes insular f, g, and r. Item 5 is written in an Anglicana script of 14c. Item 6 is a 14c hand similar to a university bookhand. Item 7 (Latin life ofKenelm) is written in a good Caroline minuscule hand of mid-1lc, similar in appearance to the hand of the Cotton-Corpus Legendary (London, BL, Cotton Nero E. i, Parts 1 and 2 [207] and Cambridge, Corpus Christi College 9 [22]). A 12c hand completed the text. Items 8a and 8b are written in Insular minuscule script of mid-11c and 1060 x 1080 respectively; Caroline a is occasionally used in 8b. The last texts are written in a number of 12c hands.

COLLATION: Collation appears to be as James (1912) suggests: Part A: Paper I-II10 (ff. 1-20) III12 wants 10-12 (ff. 21-29), IV14 (f. 30-43), V10 (ff. 44-53). Catchwords in bottom margins at ff. 39r, 43v, 48v, 51v. Part B: Parchment: I8 wants 7 and 8 (now forms ff. 1, 2, 7-10), II3 a singleton and bifolium originally leaves 3, 4, 5 of a quire of eight (now ff. 21, 20, 26), III2 a middle bifolium (now ff. 17, 29), IV8 wants 2, 7 (now ff. 23, 6, 3-5, 24), V8 wants 7, 8 (now ff. 11-16), VI4 two bifolia, leaves 2 and 3 of a quire of 8 (now ff. 28, 19, 27, 18), VII2 a bifolium, perhaps leaf 2 of a quire (now ff. 22, 25), VIII12 ("Logica quaedam") (ff. 30-41), IX3 (ff. 42-44), X8 wants 1, 7, 8 (ff. 45-49), XI2 (ff. 50-51), XII1 (f. 52).
[Note: Ker suggests that Qui.res V and VI were adjacent, as were IV and V. Furthermore, a is missing between III and IV, leaves are missing after I and II, and an indeterminate number of leaves are missing at the beginning and end.)

Part A:
1. ff. 1-29v/19 Epitome chronicae Cicestrensis, sed extractum e Polychronico, usque ad annum Christi 1429 '[I]eronimi<s> ad eugeniu<m> in ep(isto)la 43' <licit q(uo)d decime leg<u>nt<ur> primu<m> da | te ab abraha<m>' [Dates, notae, and flags to events are given in both margins].
2. ff. 30r-53r/15 Peter of Ickham? "Historia Angliae" to the year 1402 Breviarium 'Albion est t<er>ra constans In finib<us> orbis' (apparently unpublished; a similar text occurs in CCCC 427, pp. 4-62; cf. Hardy 1854-1891: 3.271) [portion of leaf at end of this text has been cut off; verso blank].
Part B:
[Note: Because of the disorder of the leaves and the faintness of the foliation, fiche frames are noted in square brackets after folio information.]
3. (Quire I) ff. lrv, 2rv, 7r-10v [frames 2.33, 2.35, 2.43-50] De Temporibus | 'Þone forman dæg þyssere worulde we magon afin | dan' (coll. Henel 1942: 16-82, as C (his chapter I missing here); as Cockayne 1864-1866: 3.238-80) (ff. 1, 2 also foliated ff. 54, 55; f. 10/21-36 and f. 10v blank]. ff. 3r-6v (see items 7, 8 below), 11r-29v Homilies:
4. (Quire II) ff. 21rv, 20r/1-24 (frames 2.69, 2.68] Ælfric, "Dominica Pasçe": beginning imperfectly'... fra<m> prowunge to æriste ... (20r/1) cneowon. þa þa ... (ends) ... we cweþað. am<en>" (as Thorpe 1844-1866: 1.224/11; Clemoes 1997: 299-306/118-178) [at p. 21v/1, '<ue>l teonen' glosses 'hosp'].
5. (Quire II) ff. 20r/25, 20v, 26rv (frames 2.68, 2.69, 3.8]Ælfric, "Alius Sermo de Die Paschae": Feria secunda. 'Hit is swyðe gedfenlic [sic] þæt ge on þissu<m> drihten licu<m> | æriste . ..(ends imperfectly) purh þone laoan' (as Thorpe 1844-1866: 2.282-94; Godden 1979: 161-68/only lines 1-95, 208-23).
6. (Quire III) ff.17rv, 29rv [frames 2.63, 3.14]Ælfric, 'Feria III De Dominica Oratione': (begins imperfectly) '... ure rice gif we hit eamian wyllan ... (ends imperfectly) ... on þære fandunge ... ' (as Thorpe 1844-1866: 1.264-68; Clemoes 1997: 325-34/87-167).
7. (Quire IV) ff. 23rv, 6rv, 3r-5r/30 [frames 3.3, 2.42, 2.36-40] Ælfric, SERMO IN ASSUMPTIONE S<AN>C<T>E MARIE. |'HIERONIMUS SE HALGA SACERD AWRAT ÆNNE | pistol' (as Thorpe 1844-1866: 1.436-54; Clemoes 1997: 429-38/1-59, 113-273) [one leaf missing between f. 23, which ends'þurh þone ylcan gast', and f. 6, which begins 'be þisse heofenlican cwene'].
8. (Quire IV) ff. 5r/30, 5v, 24rv [frames 2.40, 2.41, 3.5] Ælfric, .viii. k<a>I<endas> sept<embris>. passio s<anct>i bartholomei ap<osto>li. || 'WYRDwryteras secgað þ<æt> þ re leodscipas synd gehatene india' (as Thorpe 1844-1866: 1.454-76; Clemoes 1997: 439-50/1-24, 78-135) [one leaf missing between f. 5, which ends 'gewurðod pres', and f. 24, which begins 'menniscnysse'; ends imperfectly with' þearle'].
9. (Quire V). ff.1lr/1-16v [frames 2.52-62] SEXTA I DUSSEPTE M<BRIS>. NATIUITASS<AN>C<T>E MARI E. UIGINIS [sic] |'Men þa leofestan weorÐiat we nu on and | weardnysse ... (ends imperfectly) of þam slæpe. swyþe ge-.. .' (as Assmann 1889:117-35/635).
10. (Quire VI) f. 28r-28v/20 [frames 3.12-13]Ælfric,'Exaltatio Crucis': (begins imperfectly)'... þ<æt> cristes læwa' (as Skeat 1881-1900: 2.154-58).
11. (Quire VI) ff. 28v/20, 19rv, 27rv/12 [frames 3.3, 2.66, 3.10] Ælfric, XI K<A>L<ENDAS> OCTOBRIS. I S<AN>C<T>I MATHE I AP OSTOLI E UUANGE | LISTE | 'SE GODSPELLERE MA | theus. þe we todreg wurðiað' (as Thorpe 1844-1866: 2.468-80; Godden 1979: 272-79/1-72,
191-225) [one leaf lost between f. 19, which ends 'mid þam synfullu<m> | æt', and f.27, which begins ‘wyðe [sic] astyred'].
12. (Quires VI-VII) ff. 27v/13, 18rv, 22rv [frames 3.10, 2.64, 3.1) DEDICATIO S<AN>C<T>I | MICHAELIS ARCHANGELI | 'MANEGUM IS CVÐ | SEO HALIGE STOW. S<AN>C<T>E michaELES .. .(ends imperfectly, f. 22v/32) ... hæfð he swa miccle' (as Thorpe 1844-1866: 1.502-16 Clemoes 1997: 465-75/1-66, 161-203)
[two leaves missing after f. 18, which ends 'undergeaton þ<æt> se'; f. 22 begins 'gafol oððe tol').
13. (Quire VII) f. 25rv [frame 3.7] (begins imperfectly) 'fra<m> gode. to þe
cumen ... (ends imperfectly) ... þær ongean. þe . ..' (as Scragg 1992: 90-104/275-323).
14.(Quire VIII) ff. 30r---41r [frames 3.15-40) Logica Quaedam | 'quo sit res p<re>di<camen>ti rei<ati>o<n>is p<er> se' [in two columns].
15. (Quire IX) ff. 42r-44v [frames 3.40-45) "Versus Quidam": Apocalypsis Goliae 'A tauro torrida lampade cinthii' (as Wright 1841: 1-20).
16.(Quire X) ff. 45r-48r [frames 3..45-51) ''Vita Brevior S.Kenelmi": (begins imperfectly)'.. .forma. p<er>fusus diuina dilectione . ..(ends) commendant martire<m> suu<m>' (ed. Love 1996: 126-29).
[Note: At the end of the 'Vita Brevior' follows, in a smaller script by the same hand filling up the remainder of the page, extracts from the 'Vita et miraculi S. Kenelmi,' §§ 8-1 2 plus a brief ending; it begins: 'Que<m> e<tiam> ab humana noticia abscide<re> (to top of margin) | nitebatu<r> i<n>human[itas belu] | ina illu<m>... |(down to line 28 in margin) uel e<tiam> nom<en> loq<ue>ret[ur sine dila] | tione capite plec[teretur hinc] / (out to right edge, first long line of smaller script) q<uod> de celo i<u>dicaba<n>t ... (ends) qui uiuit 7 regnat p<er> o<mn>ia secula seculor<um> amen' (as Love 199 6: 62-66, versos).]
17. (Quire X) f. 48v/2-4 Book-list: 'Ðeo englissce passionale 7 .ii. englissce dialogas' (ed. Lapidge 1985: 62-64; Sharpe et al. 1996: 653).
18.(Quires X-XI) ff. 48v/4-50v/15 UISIO LEOFRICI |'HER GESUTELAÐ ÐA GESIHÐE ÐE LEOFRIC Eorl gesæh' (ed. Napier 1910: 182).
19.(Quire XI) f. 51r/8-51v/23 Sequence for Epiphany: 'Letabundus exultet fidelis chorus alleluia' [neumed].
20. singleton, f. 52r/1-17 Letter: 'Hubert<us> Abbas. Westman' 7 Edwinus p<ri>or e<iu>sde<m> loci. uenerabili p<ri>ori Wigomie' ... (ends) laudando creat[or]e<m> q<ui> oue<m> | sua<m> reduxit ad gregem. V<a>l<e>' (as James 1912: 2.203).
21. f. 52r/16-17 Charm: '+ In no<m>i<n>e p<atris>. 7 f<ili>. 7 s(piritus). s<an>c<t>i. amen + Ire + arex + chr<ist>e + rauex + filiax + |arafax + N<omen>.Medicina con<tra> febres.'
22. f. 52v Constitutions for monks.

PHOTO NOTES: At paper f. 18v, lines 14-16, 23 are underlined in red pencil. Underlining in red pencil also occurs on paper ff. 21rv, 26, 27, 28rv, 29v. At paper f. 30r, in lower right comer, '4' appears in pencil. Parchment ff. 29v30r, and 41v-42r each appear twice on the microfiche. Foliation is very difficult to see on fiche. In parchment Quire I, "De temporibus," the document that can be seen in the right and top margin throughout the images is a Latin document (see above) written into the projecting untrimmed margin off. 3r. In Quires II-VII (OE homilies), the rubrics, written in red rustic capitals, are very difficult to see. At parchment f. 45r, a pencil maze appears under the ink in the lowest third of the leaf. Immediately following the minim pen-trials on f. 51v, a name, 'Henricus' appears. A name ('Herì Giffard') appears in the bottom margin off. 52r.

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Clemoes, Peter, ed. Ælfric's Catholic Homilies: The First 5enes. Early English Text Society, s.s. 17. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1997.
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Love, Rosalind C., ed. Three Eleventh-Century Anglo-Latin Saints' Lives: Vita S. Birini, Vita et miracula S Kenelmi and Vita S. Rumwoldi. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1996.
Napier, A. S. 'An Old English Vision ofLeofric, Earl of Mercia.' Transactions of the Philological Society (1908): 180-88.
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Sharpe, R., J. P. Carley, R. M. Thomson, and A. G. Watson, eds. English Benedictine Librariu: The Shorter Catalogue. Corpus of British Medieval Library Catalogues, 4. London: The British Library in Association with The British Academy, 1996.
Skeat,W.W., ed. Ælfric’s Live, of Saints, Early English Text Society, o.s. 76, 82, 94, 114. London: Oxford University Press, 1881-1900; repr. 2 vols. London: Oxford University Press, 1966.
Thorpe, Benjamin, ed. The Homilies of the Anglo-Saxon Church: The First Part, containing the Sermones Catholici or Homilies of Ælfric. 2 vols. London: Ælfric Society, 1844-1866.
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