London, British Library, Arundel 60 "Arundel Psalter"

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Phillip Pulsiano


174. London, British Library, Arundel 60
"Arundel Psalter"
[Ker 134, Gneuss 304]

HISTORY: Dated to the second half of the 11c, and probably written in Winchester (New Minster). The manuscript was given to the Royal Society by Henry Howard in 1667 (f. 1r) and acquired by the British Library in 1831.

CODICOLOGICAL DESCRIPTION: Leaves measure 302 x 200 mm. Writing grids vary: in the psalms and litany, 250 x 155 mm.; in the prayers (ff. 133v-142v), 230 x 120 mm. Flyleaves are modern. Rebound in modern oak boards.
The table on f. 1r is arranged in framed columns, with blue and red initial letters. At the bottom of the leaf is a stamp bearing the inscrip­ tion "Soc. Reg. Lond. ex dono Henr. Howard Norfolciensis." The calen­ der on ff. 2r-7v is ruled for thirty-four lines, with blue and red initial
letters and representations ofzodiacal figures in red in the margins. Ker (Cat.: 166-67) notes that the margins of ff. 8v-11r contain ca. eighty­ seven marginal glosses of s. xiii/xiv; those on 10v-11r are alphabetically arranged from A-V; the glosses are only partly legible. The Beatus vir page (f. 13r) shows a large decorated initial, with a musician playing the harp in the lower lobe and a dancer in the top lobe; the page is framed with an acanthus leafborder. The colors are green, blue, red, and yellow, with silver. F. 52v (before Ps. 51) shows a full-page illumination of Christ on the Cross. Large decorated initials are found at ff. 53r (Ps. 51) and 85r (Ps. 101). Arabic numerals are written in the margins of ff. 136r, 137v, 138r, 143r, 144r, 145r, 149v.
Quires IV, V, VII, VIII, IX, X, XI, XII, XII, and IV show a marked pattern in their composition. Each shows two leaves inserted. Quires IV, VII, and XI display the pattern: 2 leaves + stub + inserted leaf+ 2 leaves + stub + inserted leaf+ 2 leaves; quires VIII, IX, X, XII, XIII, and XIV show the pattern: 2 leaves + inserted leaf + stub + 2 leaves + stub + inserted leaf+ 2 leaves. Quire V is made up of ten leaves: 2 leaves + stub + inserted leaf + 4 leaves + stub + inserted leaf + 2 leaves. Quire XVII (ff. 133r-136v) is an added quire, not in the main hand. The paraphrase of Ps. 50 begins at the end of the last leaf of quire V; quire VI (contain­ ing the remainder of the paraphrase exclusively) was probably prepared separately and inserted, although as part of the (probably modified) design. As Lapidge (1991: 68) notes, "the litany (ff. 130r-132v) formed part of the original book, although the last part of the litany...was lost at some point and replaced when the two quires were added to the manu­ script (ff. 133-142) in the second half of the twelfth century."

COLLATION: Ff. [i] + 149 + [i]. I12 (ff. 1-12), II8 (ff. 13-20), III8 (ff. 21-28), IV6+2 (ff. 29-46: stub of f 30 shows after f. 34; that of f. 34 shows after f. 31), V8+2(ff. 37-46; stub off. 39 shows afterf. 43; that off 44 shows afterf. 39), VI6 (ff. 47-52), VII6+2 (ff. 53-60: stub off. 55 shows afterf. 58; that off 58 shows afterf. 55), VIII6+2 (ff. 61-68: stub off. 63 shows afterf. 65; that off 66 shows afterf 62), IX6+2 (ff. 69-76: stub off. 71 shows afterf. 73; that off. 74 shows afterf 70), X6+2 (ff. 77-84: stub off 79 shows afterf. 81; that off. 82 shows afterf. 78), XI6+2 (ff. 85-92: stub tof. 87 shows afterf. 90; that off. 90 shows after f. 87), XII6+2(ff. 93-100: stub of f 95 shows after f. 97; that of f. 98 shows after f. 94), XIII6+2(ff. 101-108: stub off. 103 shows after f. 105; that off. 106 shows afterf. 102), XIV6+2 (ff. 109-116: stub off. 111 shows after f. 113; that off. 114 shows afterf. 110), XV8 (ff. 117-124), XVI8 (ff. 125-132), XVII4 (ff. 133-136), XVIII6 (ff. 137-142), XIX4+3 (ff. 143-149: stub off. 144 shows afterf. 146; that off. 147 shows after f. 143; that off. 149 before f. 143).

1. Prefatory matter:
f. 1r Table of good and bad moons: Ad sanguinem minuendum 'Luna i Tota die bona est…Luna xxx Non est bona'.
f. 1v Diagram showing calculation of the calender. Four quarter spheres in the upper register, with circle in center. Above the circle the heading Ratio calculandi. Four columns in the lower register.
ff. 2r-7v Calendar (ed. Wormald 1934: 142-53).
ff. 8r-9r Lunar tables. The margins of ff. 8v-9r contain late glosses incised with a blunt (lead?) point; most are difficult to read.
f. 9v Tables for calculating the limits of Septuagesima, Quadragesima, Easter, Rogationtide, and Pentecost.
f 10r Verses for the limits of Quadragesima and Easter, arranged in two main columns. Col. a: Terminus secunde | lunae initii 'Octone martis. k<a>l<ende> quinq<ue>'; Col. b: Terminus quarta deci<ma> | lunae paschalis. | 'None april<is>. norunt q<u>inos'. Below, in a separate register: Argum<en>ta Qyo inueniatur aduentus d<omi>ni |'Qui­ cu<m>q<ue> aduentu<m> d<omi>ni celebrare desiderat uideat'.
ff. 10v-11r Lunar tables. In the lower register of f. 10v: De ratione saltus lunae |'Memento quod anno nouissimo'. [Margins contain late glosses incised with a blunt (lead?) point; most are difficult to read.]
ff. 11v-12r Tables.
f. 12v Full-page illumination, showing Christ on the Cross, with Mary to the left and John to the right, and Sol and Luna represented in medallions at the top. In green, blue, and red.

2. Psalms:
ff. 13r-119r/17 Gallican version of the psalms (ed. Oess 1910), with continuous interlinear OE gloss. A space of three lines separates the unglossed Ps. 151 from Ps. 150, linking it with the canticles.
ff. 46v-52r. Latin paraphrase (unglossed) of Ps. 50: 'Miserere mei d<eu>s . s<e>c<un>d<u>m magnam mis<eri>c<or>diam tuam…Gl<ori>a tibi trinitas equalis | una deitas . & ante omnia s<ae>c<u>la & nunc & in perpetuum AMEN'.

3. Canticles (ed. Oess 1910: 231-54):
f. 119r/18-119v/11 lncipit cantica proph<et>arv<m> canticv<m> isaiae p<ro>ph<et>e 'Confitebor tibi d<omi>ne' [gloss:] 'ic andette þe drih­ <ten>'.
ff. l19v/12-120r/19 Canticvm ezechiae iudea 'Ego dixi in dimidio' [gloss:] 'ic cwæþ on middele'.
f. 120r/20-120v Canticvm annae 'Exultauit cor meu<m>' [gloss:] 'ge­ fregnode heorte min'.
ff. 121r/1-122r/2 Canticvm moysi 'Cantemus d<omi>no gloriose' [gloss:] 'uton singon drih<tne> wuldorfullice'.
ff. 122r/3-123r/9 Canticvm abbacvc p<ro>pheta 'D<omi>ne audiui' [gloss:] 'drih<ten> ic gehirde'.
ff. 123r/10-125v/7 Canticvm moysi in devtero nomio ad filios israhel 'Audite caeli' [gloss:] 'begim þu heofon'.
ff. 125v/8-126r/21 hymnvm trivm puerorvm 'Benedicite om<n>ia op<er>a d<omi>ni' [gloss:] 'bletsiap ealle weorc drih<ten>'.
f. 126r/22-126v/l4 Cantivum zacharie [with 'zacharie' crossed through and 'Mariæ:' added to the right in a late hand] 'Magnificat anima mea d<omi>n<u>m' [gloss:] 'gemiccle sawle mine drih<ten>'.
ff. 126v/15-127r/13 Canticvm zachariae 'Benedictus d<omi>n<u>s d<eu>s isr<ahe>l' [gloss:] 'gebletsod driht<en> god isr<ae>l'.
f. 127r/14-127v/23 Ymn<us> s<an>c<t>i viceti epi<scopi> dieb<us>; dominicis ad matvtinis 'Te d<eu>m laudamus' [gloss:] ' þe god we heriaþ '.
ff. 127v/24-128r/6 Canticvm simeonis 'Nunc dimittis seruum tuum d<omi>ne' [gloss:] 'nu forlæt þeow þinne drih<ten>'.
f. 128r/7-19 hymnvs angelorvm 'Gloria in excelsis deo' [gloss:] 'wuldor on heannessu<m> gode'.
f. 128r/20-128v/3 lncipit oratio dominica s<e>c<un>d<u>m math<eu>m 'Pater n<oste>r' [gloss:] 'fæder ure'
f. 128v/16 lncipit symbolvm ap<osto>lorvm 'Credo in d<eu>m' [gloss:] 'ic gelife on god'.
ff. 128v/17-130r/18 lncipit fides catholica athanasia lex 'Qvicumque uult' [gloss:] 'swa hwa swa wille'.
4. ff. 130r/19-132v Litany, arranged in two columns (ed. Wormald, but without accompanying petitions; complete ed. Lapidge 1991).
5. ff. 133r-142v Two added quires (second half of. 12c) completing the litany and containing the following prayers:
f. 133r/15b-22 Or<atio> 'D<eu>s cui p<ro>priu<m> est |miserere semp<er> & parcere'.
f. 132r/23-6 Al<ia> 'Om<ni>p<oten>s sempiterne d<eu>s'.
f. 133v/7-10 Al<ia> 'Pretende d<omi>ne famulis & famulab<us>'.
f. 133v/11-13 Al<ia> 'Ure igne s<an>c<t>i sp<iritu>s renes n<ost>ros & cor n<ost>r<u>m'.
f. 133v/12-15 Al<ia> 'Actiones n<ost>ras q<uesumu>s d<omi>ne aspirando'.
f. 133v/16-21 Al<ia> 'D<eu>s a quo s<an>c<t>a desideria recta consilia |& iusta sunt op<er>a'.
f. 134r/1-3 Al<ia> 'A domo tua q<uesumu>s d<omi>ne sp<irit>uales ne­ quitatiae |repellantur'.
f. 134r/4-7 Al<ia> 'Adesto d<omi>ne supplicationib<us> n<ost>ris'.
f. 134r/8-14 Al<ia> 'D<eu>s qui iustificas impiu<m> & non uis |morte<m> peccatoru<m>'.
f. 134r/15-18 Al<ia> 'Animab<us> q<uesumu>s d<omi>ne famuloru<m> famularu<m>q<ue>'.
f. 134r/19-134v/7 Al<ia> 'D<eu>s qui es s<an>c<t>orum tuor<um> splendor mirabi | lis'.
f. 134v/8-20 Or<atio> 'LIBERATOR animaru<m> mundi rede<m>ptor | ie<s>v chr<ist>e d<omi>ne d<eu>s ęternae rex immortalis'.
ff. 134v/21-135r/2 Al<ia> 'Om<ni>p<oten>s & misericors d<eu>s'.
f. 135r/3-135v OR<ATIO> S<ANCTI> AVGUSTINI 'D<omi>ne d<eu>s om<ni>p<oten>s rex creator |cęli & terrę'.
f. 136r/1-12 OR<ATIO> DE S<AN>C<T>A MARIA 'Singvlaris meriti | sola sine exemplo mater & uirgo s<an>c<t>a | MARIA'.
f. 136r/13-136v/3 OR<ATIO> DE S<ANCTO> MICHAELE 'S<an>c­ <t>e Michael |archangele d<omi>ni n<ost>ri ie<s>v chr<ist>i'.
f. 136v/4-22 OR<ATIO> DE S<AN>C<T>O PETRO 'S<an>c<t>e Petre ap<osto>le electi dei'.
ff. 136v/23-137v/18 ORAT<IO> AD PATRE<M> 'D<OMI>NE DEVS QVI || sedes sup<er> cherubin & seraphin'.
ff. 137v/19-138v/7 'Quo fletu fl.ere mala mea'.
ff. 138v/8-140v/15 'Tibi ago laudes |& gra<tia>s d<eu>s m<eu>s mis<eri>­ c<or>dia mea'.
ff. 140v/16-141r/7 OR<ATIO> VNAQVAQ<UE> DIE | 'D<omi>ne d<eu>s om<n>es rex aeterne gl<ori>ae qui creasti |cęlos cyloru<m>'.
ff. 141r/8-142r/5 OR<ATIO> DE S<AN>C(T)O NICOLAO EP<ISCOP>O | 'Svmme confessor & pie consolator Nicolae'.
f. 142r/6-142v/20 OR<ATIO> DE S<AN>C(T)A MARIA |'O virgo virginu<m> dei genetrix'.
6. Prayers (with numerous alterations in a late hand):
ff. 143r/1-144r/20 'D<omi>ne s<an>c<t>e pater omnipotens eterne | d<eu>s'.
ff. 144r/21-145r/12 'D<omi>ne s<an>c<t>e spiritus coreterne & substantialis patri |& filio'.
ff. 145r/13-148r/5 'S<an>c<t>a & inmaculata dei genitrix uirgo maria'.
f. 148r/4-5 'Chr<ist>e filius dei p<er>seuerare fac in bonis op<er>ibus cunc­ Jtis diebus uite mee. & p<er>duc me ad uita<m> etern<am>. am<en>'.
f. 148r/6-19 'D<omi>ne d<eu>s om<n>ip<oten>s propitius esto michi pec­ catori tibi d<omi>no deo meo'.
f. 148r/20-148v 'D<omi>ne ie<s>u chr<ist>e mundi redemptor & conditor'. [Ends at 'sp<irit>u s<an>c<t>o iudicare uiuos & mortuos'; a later hand adds '& s<ae>c<u>l<u>m p<er> igne<m> am<en>'.]
f. 149r 'Her onginneð kyþan ymbe þises middangeardes | ylda…A natiuitate d<omi>ni usq<ue> ad fine<m> mundi .d.d.xxvi.' (ed. Logeman 1889: 105-106/22; Förster 1925: 192-93).
8. f. 149v/l-8 Nomina ep<iscop>or<um> occidentaliu<m> saxonu<m> 'Birin<us>...Walkelin<us>' (ed. Logeman 1889: 106/23-30).

Förster, Max. "Die Weltzeitalter bei den Angelsachsen." In Neusprach­ liche Studien: Festgabe Karl Luick zu seinem sechzigsten Geburtstage dargebracht von Freunden und Schulern, 183-202. Marburg a. d. Lahn: N. G. Elwert, 1925.
Lapidge, Michael, ed. Anglo-Saxon Litanies of the Saints. Henry Brad­ shaw Society, 106. London: Henry Bradshaw Society; The Boydell
Press, 1991.
Logeman, H. "Anglo-Saxonica Minora." Anglia 11 (1889): 97-120. Oess, Guido. Untersuchungen zum altenglischen Arundel-Psalter. Heidel­berg: Carl Winter, 1908 [study and edition of Pss. 1-10].
--, ed. Die altenglische Arundel-Psalter: Eine Interlinearversion in der Handschrift Arundel 60 des Britischen Museums. Anglistiche Forschungen, 30. Heidelberg: Carl Winter, 1910; repr. Amsterdam: Swets & Zeitlinger N.V., 1968.
Wormald, Francis, ed. English Kalendars before A.D. 1100. Henry Brad­ shaw Society, 72. London: Henry Bradshaw Society, 1934; repr. Woodbridge: The Boydell Press, 1988.
--. "The English Saints in the Litany in Arundel MS. 60." Analecta Bollandiana 64 (1946): 72-86.

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