London, British Library, Royal 15. A xvi Juvencus, "Historia Evangelica;' Aldhelm, ''Aenigmata"; "Scholica graecarum glossarum''

Main Article Content

A. N. Doane


301. London, British Library, Royal 15. A xvi

Juvencus, "Historia Evangelica;' Aldhelm, ''Aenigmata";

"Scholica graecarum glossarum''

[Ker 267, Gneuss 489]

HISTORY: A late 9c continental manuscript of Juvencus and Alclhelm, missing at least a leaf at the end, combined with two 10c quires of a GreekLatin glossary (ff. 74-83) written in anglo-caroline script. Earlier commentators thought that the entire manuscript was continental, but the hands of the glossary (there are two) are A-S (so Ker, Cat.). There are two A-S supply leaves in the continental part, a single OE gloss word to the Aldhelm and another to the "Scholica" as well as a few added Latin glosses in an A-S script. Bishop (1957: 329) sees the hand of the supply leaf f. 7 as the same as that of scribe D of Bodleian Library Auct. D. Inf. 2. 9 i, ff. 17-23, a Cassian with Exeter provenance. Presumably the glossary was added to the continental manuscript to make it more useful as a class-book; the first part already had considerable glossing in continental hands. By the late 10c provenance was St. Augustine's, Canterbury (Rella 1980: 112, no. 20; O'Keeffe 1985: 67 shows textual connections with other probably early St. Augustine's manuscripts) and in the 13c it was provided with a St. Augustine's ex libris (f. 1r, 'lib<er> s<an>c<t>i aug<ustini> cant<uarensis>'), and shelfmark (f. 1r above), 'Di<stinctionem> XI. g(rad)u(m) n: A three-item table of contents is mixed up with this: 'Iuvencus. c<um> a: (same hand as ex libris and shelfmark) followed by '7 enigmata Aldelm: 'Scholica glosar<um>', in two other hands separated by about a century. It appears in the late 15c catalogue of St. Augustine's (in Trinity College Dublin MS 360 [Bernard 285], f. 106rb) "Juuencus cum A. et in eodem Enigmata aldelmi Scolica-glosarum, 2° fo. istius, D. xi. G. 2" (James 1903:364, no. 1438). The Aldhelm has been annotated by Patrick Young, James I's librarian (f. 59v, f. 60r, f. 63r). It was 'No. 413' in the Old Royal Library (f. 2r).

Article Details

Manuscript Descriptions