St. Paul in Lavanttal, Benediktinerstift Cod. 82/1 Glosses on the Old Testament and on Gregory, "Regula pastoralis"; etc.

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Charles Wright


454. St. Paul im Lavanttal, Benediktinerstift Cod. 82/1

Glosses on the Old Testament

and on Gregory, "Regula pastoralis"; etc.

[Ker App. 38; Gneuss - ]

HISTORY: A 10c manuscript of Augsburg provenance, written presumably in the Lake Constance region, perhaps at Reichenau or St. Gall according to Horberg 1983: 66. Horberg (65-66) distinguishes at least four scribal hands (all active in one scriptorium): 1: ff. lr-79r; 2: ff. 79v-86v, 9lv-'178'r; 3: ff. 87r-9lr; 4: ff. '178'v-end (in the last section there are possibly two hands, one of which may be identical with hand 3 ). Another hand appears to have written f. '156'r/9-14. The biblical glosses, including OE glosses on Leviticus, in part related to the "Leiden family" glossaries (see esp. Lapidge 1986: 71; Bischoff and Lapidge 1994: 173-79; Vaciago 2000-02; Seebold 2001: 45-46), were first noted in 1721 by Bernhard Pez of Melk, who saw the manuscript at the monastery of Sts. Ulrich and Afra in Augsburg (1721- 23: 1/1, LXI). The manuscript had been there since at least the 15c, when its shelf mark was 9a9 ( on this tripartite shelf mark system see Kellner and Spethmann 1996: 140; Spilling 1978: xi; Horberg 1983: 34), and perhaps as early as ca. 1000 (Horberg 1983: 23-24, 64-68). Although the manuscript cannot be securely identified with an entry for a biblical glossary in the abbey library catalogue of 1616 (Horberg 1983: 42), it bears on f. lr a 17c ex libris 'Monasterii S. Vdalrici Aug(ust)ae' (see Ruf 1932: 54; Horberg 1983; Kramer 1989-90: 1.41) as well as the monastery's 17c bookplate on the facing page. In 1792 Placid us Braun, the abbey librarian, published most of the vernacular glosses along with a description of the manuscript (Braun 1791- 96: 2/1.1-4, 117-27). The manuscript's shelfmark at that time was A 30, the letter A designating the armarium holding manuscripts of biblical texts and commentaries (see Schmidt 1985: 66-67, 71; Horberg 1983: 33-35).

The manuscript came to the monastery of St. Blasien in the Black Forest sometime between Braun's publication of the glosses in 1792 (perhaps following the dissolution of the library of Sts. Ulrich and Afra in 1803) and the secularization of St. Blasien in 1806. In his will, Braun (d. 23 October 62 454. ST. PAUL IM LAVANTTAL, BENEDIKTINERSTIFT COD. 82/i 1829) bequeathed a number of medieval manuscripts to the Augsburg Diozesansbibliothek, but the official receipt of 29 January 1830 specifies that five of these manuscripts, including the present St. Paul 82/1 ("3. Glossarium biblicum latino-theodiscum, in oct., 9. oder 10. Jahrhundert"), were not included because they "aus geniigend nachgewiesener Ursache nicht vorgefunden werden konnten" (Kraft 1934: 35). Horberg 1983: 64 n. 59 speculates that the manuscript's transfer to St. Blasien was connected with Prince- Bishop Martin Gerbert's efforts to restock the abbey library after the fire of 1768; if so, it must have taken place in the short time between Braun's consultation of the manuscript at Sts. Ulrich and Afra, presumbably not long before 1792, and Gerbert's death on 3 May 1793.

After the secularization, monks from St. Blasien reestablished themselves at St. Paul, which had been suppressed by Joseph II in 1787 (see Gut 1991). The manuscript itself bears no evidence of its brief sojourn in St. Blasien, and it was not listed in Trudpert Neugart's catalogue, prepared before May 1809, of St. Blasien manuscripts removed to St. Paul, but this catalogue omits a number of St. Blasien manuscripts (see Rasch! 1919: 244 and 246). Its earliest St. Paul shelfmark was Sanblasiana membr. XXV d/82, 82 being the consecutive number assigned by Beda Schroll's handwritten catalogue of 1868: "82. Expositio quorundam vocabulorum bibliae seu glossarium. saec. X" (see Kraus 1889: 51); later it was 25.1.26 and finally 82/1 of the "Codices Blasiani membranacei" comprising the shelfmarks 1/ 1-90/ 1. (For a concordance of the old and new shelfmarks, see Glaßner 2002.) A transcript by August Heinrich Hoffmann von Fallersleben, made at St. Paul in August 1834, survives in Berlin, Staatsbibliothek PreuBischer Kulturbesitz, Ms. lat.qu. 331, Kasten 9, Fasz. h, 5,2 (cf. StS 5.601, giving an older shelfmark). Presumed lost by other 19c scholars who knew from the descriptions of Pez and Braun that it had once been in the abbey of Sts. Ulrich and Afra, the manuscript was rediscovered at St. Paul by Alfred Holder, who reedited the glosses in 1876. On the manuscript see also StS 1.342 and 4.601- 2; Trende 1952: 656; Splett 1980: 236; Grabmayer and Hod! 1991: 1.159; Grochenig 1991: 609; Bergmann and Stricker 2005: 3.1497-1500; Kobler 2005: 653-55; Sitar et al. 2009: 268-69.

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