Long Run Technical Change in an Energy-Environment-Economy (E3) Model for an IA System: A Model of Kondratiev Waves
Keywords:macroeconomics, endogenous technical change, Kondratiev waves.
AbstractA world macroeconomic model E3MG is being developed to investigate policies for climate change and sustainable development, as a module of a new IAM structure. As climate change is a long term phenomenon, a model of long term economic changes is required. There is no suitable and generally accepted theory of long term technical change, but Freeman and Louçã have developed a good descriptive theory. This paper interprets this theory in quantitative terms, in the context of the macroeconomic analysis. It will outline a model of the changes in economic structure via Input-Output coefficients and the growth of new technology industries, incorporating endogenous technical change from R&D and investment, with learning-by-doing.