The heating of buildings and the mental health of their inhabitants:

Three buildings in Paris

Authors

  • Dr. Yaneira Wilson 1 Ecole Supérieure des Professions Immobilières (ESPI-ESPI-2R) - Centre for Housing Research, LAVUE–CNRS, France. School of Architecture, Paris-Val de Seine. https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3730-2224
  • Pr. Yankel Fijalkow 2 Centre for Housing Research, LAVUE–CNRS, France. School of Architecture, Paris-Val de Seine.

Keywords:

mental health, housing, social housing, architecture, heating

Abstract

Parisian buildings are concerned by work programmes undertaken within the framework of the Climate Plan initiated by the city. This renewal process affects the social life of the buildings, which has been consolidated over the years. While a building is built by materials and populations, it is also the result of history, from its construction to its daily maintenance or degradation. Our assumption is that people who have no control over their living space are likely to suffer more mental health problems, in most cases without knowing exactly why, due to lack of knowledge about the causes of these problems or lack of health literacy concerning their living space. The inability to adapt to housing makes us wonder: How can residents’ mental health be influenced by their ability to control their living space? To show this, we will study three buildings affected by the tension between factors that generate dissatisfaction. The research-action SAPHIR, (Health, Paris, History, Building, Residential), carried out after the Covid crisis and during a period marked by the energy transition policy, illustrates the stress experienced by the inhabitants faced with the necessity to save energy and have work carried out in their homes.

Author Biographies

Dr. Yaneira Wilson, 1 Ecole Supérieure des Professions Immobilières (ESPI-ESPI-2R) - Centre for Housing Research, LAVUE–CNRS, France. School of Architecture, Paris-Val de Seine.

Yaneira Wilson is Assistant Professor in the Department of Urban Planning at the École Supérieure des Professions Immobilières (ESPI-ESPI2R) and is in charge of research for the SAPHIR project at the École Nationale Supérieure d'Architecture de Paris-Val de Seine (CRH-UMR CNRS 7218 LAVUE). Architect and urban planner with a PhD in Architecture and the City from the University of Paris Nanterre. A specialist in social housing issues in France and Latin America, she is increasingly focusing her research on housing health, energy renovation and participation. https://www.crh.archi.fr/_Wilson-Yaneira_ https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3730-2224

Pr. Yankel Fijalkow, 2 Centre for Housing Research, LAVUE–CNRS, France. School of Architecture, Paris-Val de Seine.

Yankel Fijalkow, University Professor, researcher at the CRH-LAVUE (Centre de recherche sur l'habitat - Laboratoire architecture, ville, urbanisme, environnement), teacher at the École Nationale Supérieure d'Architecture de Paris-Val de Seine, conducts research at various scales on the changing paradigms of urban policies. He is the author of Sociologie des villes (La Découverte, 2007, 3rd edition), Dire la ville c'est faire la ville (Ed. du Septentrion, 2017) Récits de la ville malade (Créaphis, 2022). https://www.crh.archi.fr/_Fijalkow-Yankel_

Published

2023-12-16 — Updated on 2024-01-15

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Section

City case studies