Kekistanis and the Meme War on Social Media

How to Cite

Al-Rawi, A. (2021). Kekistanis and the Meme War on Social Media . The Journal of Intelligence, Conflict, and Warfare, 3(1), 12–32.


This study examines public discourse, on Instagram and Twitter, related to the alt-right group which call themselves: Kekistanis. It offers an empirical understanding of this community, which uses highly-divisive language in promoting white supremacy through targeted memes. After tracing the origins and nature of the Kekistanis’ coded language, I present a mixed method analysis of tweets and Instagram posts that reference Kekistan and Kek, in order to understand their main themes, messages, and communication strategies.
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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

Copyright (c) 2020 Ahmed Al-Rawi


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