Anti-Authority and Militia Movements in Canada

How to Cite

Perry, B., Hofmann, D., & Scrivens, R. (2019). Anti-Authority and Militia Movements in Canada. The Journal of Intelligence, Conflict, and Warfare, 1(3), 1–26.


Academic explorations of anti-authority movements are virtually nonexistent in Canada. We have no reliable primary data or empirical insights into Freemen-on-the-Land (FOTL) or other similar contingents. What we do know comes largely from Associate Chief Justice Rooke’s decision in Meads v. Meads (2012). He refers to the loose collection of individuals and small cells as “vexatious litigants.” In the absence of any academic assessment of these movements, we embarked on a one-year pilot project, bringing an exploratory and multi-method approach to this first such study. It is grounded in interviews with law enforcement, lawyers, judges, notaries, and movement adherents (n = 32), along with analysis of open-source data which included media reports, court documents, and movement websites.
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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

Copyright (c) 2019 Barbara Perry, Dr., David Hofmann, Dr., Ryan Scrivens, Dr.


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