Vol. 4 No. 1 (2021): 21st Century Security Threats: Jurisdictional Challenges
21st Century Security Threats: Jurisdictional Challenges

The security threats that will shape events in the years after COVID-19—threats such as terrorism, cybersecurity, radicalization, espionage, and climate change—go beyond the boundaries of traditional states. The key threat actors are violent transnational social movements (VTSMs), criminal organizations, and other groups that operate outside the normal constraints of state sovereignty. The impact of 21st-century security threats is felt by groups of states and across entire regions. It is not surprising that international organizations play an increasing role in responding to global security threats.

Through their dynamic use of technology, Gen Zs are finding ways to express their perspectives on security threats and catalyze change through creative solutions. Speakers at the CASIS Generation Z Congress (April 2021) discussed the impact of new technologies in the areas of education, information, communications, and social engagement. It is clear that access to new technologies is a critical necessity. Nevertheless, it may be equally important to establish necessary safeguards against the negative effects of technological advancements, such as facilitating the spread of disinformation or racist rhetoric.

The articles and briefings contained in this new issue of the Journal of Intelligence, Conflict, and Warfare raise critical questions in two areas: the jurisdictional dimensions of 21st-century security threats, and the power and promise of new communications technologies over a wide spectrum of Gen Z concerns.