• Confluence: The Death of Democracy
    Vol. 2 No. 1 (2020)

    "In 2018, Freedom in the World recorded the 13th consecutive year of decline in global freedom. The reversal has spanned a variety of countries in every region, from long-standing democracies like the United States to consolidated authoritarian regimes like China and Russia...the pattern is consistent and ominous. Democracy is in retreat." - Freedom House, 2019

    Over the past decade, we have seen a steady decline in democracies around the globe.  From the instability of newly established democracies in the Global South following a period of decolonization, to the erosion of long-standing democratic systems in the Global North, freedoms are being threatened globally. From Hannah Christensen's Partner or Predator? An Analysis of Burgeoning Sino-African Relations to Kayla Mudaliar's The Creation and Dissolution of Indian Democratic Socialism, Confluence's second volume "The Death of Democracy" explores various interpretations and approaches to this theme and questions the state of democratic institutions, systems and components worldwide. 


  • Vol. 1 No. 1 (2019)

    Last published in 2014, Confluence's latest re-imagining focuses on the lives and thoughts of International Studies students at SFU. From Michelle Gomez's Exploitation Abroad: The Canadian Mining Industry in Mexico, to Genver Quirino's Obstacles to Political Democratization for the Chinese Middle Class, this journal explores the views and opinions of a broad range of students, as they explore national and international topics related to race, class, environment, power, politics and more. As demonstrated through Alexandra Senchnya's piece Political Life in France, Confluence also explores the field of international studies, including experiences in the field, studies abroad, traveling, jobs and co-ops.

  • Confluence Disruption
    Vol. 3 No. 1 (2021)

    Almost every facet of life has experienced some sort of change entailed by the unprecedented disruption of the Covid-19 Pandemic. Our third edition of Confluence, written, edited, and produced, amidst that disruption, has been shaped as much by it, as the stories we have sought to capture. The articles of Confluence Disruption touch on how the world has changed, and ways in which it needs to change, moving forward.